I started exploring Bitcoin first in 2012 and, still today, I am fascinated by the opportunities and future potential digital assets pose as an emerging alternative asset class.
One of the most relevant recent developments, which is often not covered, is the emergence of crypto hedge funds. Compared to the early days of crypto assets, when there were mainly private investors or traders in the space, a massive inflow of professionals entering the market has begun with the emergence of crypto hedge funds.
In fact, looking at data from 150 of the largest global crypto hedge funds, 63% were launched in 2018 and 2019, according to a survey by Big Four audit firm PricewaterhouseCoopers and Elwood Asset Management Services earlier this year.
Based on the annual PwC–Elwood Crypto Hedge Fund Report, the most common crypto hedge fund strategy is quantitative (48% of funds), followed by discretionary long-only (19%), discretionary long/short (17%), and multi-strategy (17%).
When it comes to crypto fund performance, systematic crypto funds have been outperforming passive strategies (investing long-only), discretionary long/short, and multi-strategies quite significantly. In 2019, the average crypto hedge fund performance by strategy was as following:
In 2018 — which was a very challenging year for digital assets — quant trading was the only strategy that generated positive returns:
These numbers suggest that systematic hedge funds are the best performing strategy for digital assets, but, in general, all crypto hedge fund strategies are able to generate sustainable alpha.
The ecosystem for crypto assets and crypto hedge funds is growing
The vast majority of investors in crypto hedge funds are either family offices or high-net-worth individuals. A growing number of funds of funds have been investing in crypto hedge funds, causing the whole ecosystem to evolve quite quickly.
The fact that the percentage of crypto hedge funds with assets under management of over $20 million nearly doubled to $44 million last year indicates that more funds are reaching a critical size, which enables them to sustain their strategy.
The news of MicroStrategy buying $250 million in Bitcoin (60% of their treasury) in August 2020 and stating: “Bitcoin is digital gold — harder, stronger, faster, and smarter than any money that has preceded it” have been a big boost for established investors looking into the crypto markets.
Total assets under management of crypto funds worldwide doubled from 2018 to the end of 2019 (from $1 billion to $2 billion); and there are clear indications that this number will have roughly tripled by the end of 2020. Compared to other alternative asset classes, these are still rather small sums, but the growth rate indicates the direction the industry is moving in.
Increases in assets allocated to crypto hedge funds and further indications that Bitcoin is a digital store of value and a new hedge against inflation show why and how demand from investors has been accelerating.
Interesting times ahead for crypto hedge funds
Looking at the talent moving into the space and the increasing demand from institutional investors makes me quite confident about the near future.
It will be crucial for the industry to generate sustainable alpha in the future and prove that active investment strategies among crypto hedge funds are superior to a passive long-only approach, such as “holding.” This performance was demonstrated to date by the outperforming of successful crypto fund managers.
This article does not contain investment advice or recommendations. Every investment and trading move involves risk, readers should conduct their own research when making a decision.
The views, thoughts and opinions expressed here are the author’s alone and do not necessarily reflect or represent the views and opinions of Cointelegraph.
Marc P. Bernegger founded his first online company in 1999, followed by several tech companies, which he later sold. He got into Bitcoin early in 2012 and has been involved in digital assets ever since. He is a board member at Crypto Finance AG and the Swiss Blockchain Federation, and he is a co-founder of the Crypto Finance Conference in St. Moritz. Marc is also a member of the World Economic Forum’s Expert Network for blockchain and the digital economy.